Cayenne pepper is said to get its name from the Cayenne region of French Guiana, however all chilies are indigenous to Central and South America.
Cayenne pepper is actually a blend of hot chilies that are mixed to give a consistent heat chili powder, that has a heat level of about 8 out of 10.
Cayenne is used in cooking spicy dishes, as a powder or in its whole form (such as in Korean, Sichuan and other Asian cuisine), or in a thin, vinegar-based sauce. Use whenever a hot chili bite is required. Great on cooked eggs instead of black pepper!
All Chili peppers contain capsaicin. The amount of capsaicin is relative to the heat of the Chili pepper. The more pronounced the heat, the more capsaicin. Cayenne peppers have a high concentration of capsaicin. Capsaicin is considered highly anti-inflammatory and may benefit those suffering from inflammatory disorders, such as arthritis osteoarthritis, psoriasis, shingles and diabetic neuropathy.
Capsaicin is also commonly considered a beneficial adjunct to a healthy lifestyle in cardiovascular function, increasing circulation, as well as an appetite suppressant and metabolism booster. Peppers also contain free-radical fighting properties, which may help to maintain a youthful complexion, and prevent cellular damage that can lead to disease.
Cayenne pepper is also claimed to be a male aphrodisiac because it contains capsaicin which can increase blood flow to all parts of the human body.
Chilies are also an excellent source of antioxidants Vitamins: A and C, as well as Vitamin K.